Gentlemen, y'all fail to comprehend the Chinese character, or rather the lack thereof. They are the type of being to run eachother over in the street, then crank back into reverse to finish the job. Han Chinese require a totalitarian to keep them in line. It doesn't have to be a fellow Han, but they are more easily managed that way.
Many attempts have been made, especially in the last few centuries, to embed proper character into the common Chinese. Far more often than not, Chinese bite the hand that feeds them, and obey the hand that beats them. In this way Chinese civilization is fundamentally different from our own.
In the last ~50 years alone the value of Chinese life among fellow Chinese has risen (barely), entirely due to the 1 child policy. The Chinese family, the cornerstone of their civilization, was forced to rely on one heir to maintain the entire family legacy; You can imagine how important this would make the heir, and the kind of pressure they'd be put under to succeed (or else). Their lives hold more value, but they have more responsibility to their large and aging family.
Even with the former policy that once restrained the babymaking power of the Han, there are over a billion Chinese, and a single Chinese person is generally considered expendable by the society at large. Now they must survive the demographic hump the policy created, or suffer a brutal collapse.
The Chinese chose sons over daughters, and there are now millions of Chinese men who will never find a Chinese bride, due to sheer statistics. You can imagine the difficulty that would cause any society, let alone that of the Chinese. The One Child Policy is dead by government decree, but the fear remains that the revocation may be too little too late. So, our 'ol pal Xi is attempting to take matters into his own hands. He wants to promote what he deems to be proper Chinese character and enforce some semblance of morality, while avoiding demographic disaster.
Xi Jingping is currently performing a balancing act which holds direct power over a billion+ people. Think about that. A billion lives, mere statistics, putty in your hands. We make fun of Shinzo Abe for his "have babies" decrees to the Japanese people, but it's now Xi's turn to do the same. How would you feel in Xi's position? What would you do if your people were in the same situation, and you had near-absolute control over them?
Here's a pretty good book I read on the Chinese, written by Ralph M. Townsend, American vice counsel to China during the 1930s. He wasn't right about everything, mortal that he was, but he was well on the money in many cases of prediction.